MOULTRIE — U.S. Sens. Saxby Chambliss and Johnny Isakson unveiled Friday an energy plan that would expand drilling in the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean as well as conservation, “green” energy and nuclear power.

The Georgia Republican lawmakers, who worked with three other members of their party and five Democrats, put an $84 billion price tag over 10 years on the plan that would include spending $20 billion toward having 85 percent of new cars powered by non petroleum-based fuels within 20 years.

The other senators involved in the legislation are: Bob Corker (D-Tenn.), Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), Mary Landrieu (D-La.), Blanche Lincoln (D-Ark.), Ben Nelson (D-Neb.), Mark Pryor (D-Ark.) and John Thune (R-S.D.).

The first plank of the plan would be opening up drilling in “millions and millions” of acres of the Gulf of Mexico, and allowing lawmakers in Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Virginia to decide whether drilling would be allowed in waters more than 50 miles off their coasts, Chambliss said during a Friday afternoon conference call with reporters.

The new wells off the coasts of Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas also could be no closer than 50 miles from shore, he said.

“This certainly is the first step of lifting of the moratorium on offshore drilling,” Chambliss said. “It does it, we think, in a responsible way and an environmentally friendly way.”

The bill would allow drilling along the entire length of Florida beyond the 50-mile buffer zone, Chambliss said.

The Gulf was chosen as the initial area because of the infrastructure already in place that would allow the fastest access to oil, he said. The group did not consider measures that would be non-starters in Congress, such as drilling in the environmentally sensitive Arctic National Wildlife Reserve.

If the bill is passed it would establish a bipartisan committee that would conduct an inventory of offshore reserves.

No drilling would take place along the Atlantic states before 2015 under the proposed legislation.

Patty Durante, director of the Georgia chapter of the Sierra Club, said that a number of solutions are better than promoting additional offshore drilling. These include mass transit, higher mileage standards, ending the tax loophole for sport utility vehicles and renewable sources such as cellulosic ethanol.

“The risks to the recreational value of both the Georgia coast and the Gulf coast is really huge,” she said.

Frank Jackalone, senior regional representative for the Sierra Club in Florida, said that his fear is Florida beaches ending up like other parts of the Gulf.

“The last thing we want in Florida is the risk we will end up like the beaches in Texas,” he said. “New permits for drilling off the Florida coast or Georgia would take about 10 years, before drilling would bring oil back home. In the meantime every new car produced in the country could be a hybrid or plug-in.”

Floridians also are opposed to offshore drilling because they realize its huge importance to the state’s economy, Jackalone said.

In addition to drilling, the plan also includes two other main components: transitioning cars and trucks to fuels other than petroleum and conservation.

It includes $7.5 billion for research and development on technological barriers to alternative-fuel vehicles, $7.5 billion for automakers to gear up to make alternative-fuel vehicles, and consumer tax credits of $7,500 for Americans who purchase alternative-fuel cars and trucks and up to $2,500 to retrofit existing vehicles to use alternative fuels.

On the conservation side it offers:

• Tax credits of up to $2,500 to those who purchase highly fuel efficient cars and trucks.

• Extending and expanding the $2,500 tax credit for hybrid electric vehicles.

• $500 million for research and development of new materials and other innovations to improve fuel efficiency.

• $2.5 billion in research and development of next-generation biofuels and infrastructure.

• Tax incentives for the installation of alternative-fuel stations, pipelines and other infrastructure.

• Expanding transmission capacity for power from renewable sources.

• New dedicated funding for the weatherization assistance program.

Senate leaders have agreed to convene a congressional “energy summit” when lawmakers return from summer recess, Chambliss said.

Much of the plan could be paid for by discontinuing a tax advantage oil companies have in federal law, he said.

“By the elimination of that we raise a significant amount of revenue and that’s going to help us, hopefully, pay for this,” Chambliss said.

Isakson said there is some hope that Congress could act on the legislation this year. During the recess he expects lawmakers will hear from constituents who are impatient for Congress to do something quickly about high gasoline prices.

“This is the first substantial proposal that’s been made in Congress this year,” he said. “The American people are the ones paying $4 per gallon.”

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